The EEOC’s basic operating policy is to file a complaint only when an alleged victim files a discrimination charge with the agency and no settlement is reach in conciliation. There are two exceptions to this practice. One is when an EEOC commissioner initiates a charge. The other happens when the agency is carrying out an investigation based on an alleged victim’s complaint and, in the course of the investigation, uncovers violations of either the ADEA (Age Discrimination in Employment Act) or the EPA (Equal Pay Act). The reason is that those two laws do not require a charging party in order for EEOC to take action. A mere statement in the course of such an investigation could trigger the ADEA or EPA charge.